SIW technology is essentially a hybrid of microstrip and dielectric-filled waveguide (DFW) technologies. Starting with a PCB substrate, top and bottom metal layers provide two of the waveguide walls. Then, two parallel rows of vias are added, forming the side walls of the waveguide. Figure 1 shows a microwave filter constructed using SIW technology. The SIW technology for passive circuit design has been implemented for its low cost, compact topology and high performance. There has been increasing interest in implementing SIW technology in active circuits and complete systems, including active integrated antennas.